Fine Pair of Tôle Peinte Sinumbra Lamps
A pair of early C19th Tôle Peinte sinumbra lamps, not yet converted and in remarkable original condition, engraved:
‘CARCEL Inventeur, Rue de l’Arbre-sec No.18, A PARIS’
Of classical form, a stylobate with cast bronze lambs tongue and honeysuckle motifs support a tall plinth base on which a classical column form with further richly cast bronze detailing sits, topped by an urn shaped burner and retaining all original fittings, French, c.1805.
Bertrand Guillaume Carcel (1750-1812) was the inventor of the ‘lycnomena’ or mechanical lamps (oil, cylinder and piston) that bear his name.
Developed in 1800, this oil lamp had a suction-driven pump activated by a clock motor, thus ensuring constant flow of oil to the wick. The tank, no longer lateral, sat underneath the burner and had a cylindrical wick burner with a movable glass shaft that regulated the flame.
The Carcel lamp, considered to be expensive and fragile, was reserved for wealthy clientele. Carcel’s widow and son-in-law continued to run the workshop and shop at 8 rue de l’Arbre-Sec in Paris until 1821.